Dry Eyes

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Optimal Health & Wellness 


Your eyes hurt becuase you may have Dry Eyes. Dry Eyes can cause many symptoms, including itchy, painful eyes that water. Dry eyes are caused by a lack of adequate tears. Your tears are a complex mixture of water, fatty oils and mucus. This mixture helps make the surface of your eyes smooth and clear, and it helps protect your eyes from infection.

Doctors of Optometry

BC’s Dry Eye Specailists

At Look Optometry, we keep up to date with the latest literature and treatment modalities and will share the best possible treatment option for you after we fully access your unique situation. For now, have a read through to get a general idea about Dry Eyes and its impact. 

Is this what your experiencing? 

Do your eyes feel like this?

People with dry eyes may experience irritated, gritty, scratchy or burning eyes; a feeling of something in their eyes; excess watering; and blurred vision. Advanced dry eyes may damage the front surface of the eye and impair vision.

Health & Wellness 

Did you know?

Many people suffer from dry eyes and do not know that there are treatments available!  

Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD) is the most common cause of dry eyes, accounting for 90% of dry eyes. 

What is it? 

Dry Eyes

Dry eye is a condition in which a person doesn’t have enough quality tears to lubricate and nourish the eye. Tears are necessary for maintaining the health of the front surface of the eye and for providing clear vision. Dry eye is a common and often chronic problem, particularly in older adults.

With each blink of the eyelids, tears spread across the front surface of the eye, known as the cornea. Tears provide lubrication, reduce the risk of eye infection, wash away foreign matter in the eye and keep the surface of the eyes smooth and clear. Excess tears in the eyes flow into small drainage ducts in the inner corners of the eyelids, which drain into the back of the nose. Dry eyes can occur when tear production and drainage is not in balance.

People with dry eyes either do not produce enough tears or their tears are of a poor quality.

  • Inadequate amount of tears. Tears are produced by several glands in and around the eyelids. Tear production tends to diminish with age, with various medical conditions or as a side effect of certain medicines. Environmental conditions, such as wind and dry climates, can also decrease tear volume due to increased tear evaporation. When the normal amount of tear production decreases or tears evaporate too quickly from the eyes, symptoms of dry eye can develop.
  • Poor quality of tears. Tears are made up of three layers: oil, water and mucus. Each component protects and nourishes the front surface of the eye. A smooth oil layer helps prevent evaporation of the water layer, while the mucin layer spreads the tears evenly over the surface of the eye. If the tears evaporate too quickly or do not spread evenly over the cornea due to deficiencies with any of the three tear layers, dry eye symptoms can develop.

    The most common form of dry eyes occurs when the water layer of tears is inadequate. This condition, called keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS), is also referred to as dry eye syndrome.


Optimal Health & Wellness 

Proactive Tips

Welcome to the Dry Eye Clinic page. Our aim to provide you solutions to better understand your eyes for optimal living. 

Here you’ll find tips, solutions and insights from the latest research in the industry.  

Doctors of Optometry

What Causes Dry Eyes?

Dry eyes can develop for many reasons, including:


Age. Dry eyes are a part of the natural aging process. The majority of people over age 65 experience some symptoms of dry eyes.


Gender. Women are more likely to develop dry eyes due to hormonal changes caused by pregnancy, the use of oral contraceptives and menopause.


Medical conditions. People with rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes and thyroid problems are more likely to have symptoms of dry eyes. Also, problems with inflammation of the eyelids (blepharitis), inflammation of the surfaces of the eye, or the inward or outward turning of eyelids can cause dry eyes to develop.


Environmental conditions. Exposure to smoke, wind and dry climates can increase tear evaporation resulting in dry eye symptoms. Failure to blink regularly, such as when staring at a computer screen for long periods of time, can also contribute to drying of the eyes.


Medications. Certain medicines, including antihistamines, decongestants, blood pressure medications and antidepressants, can reduce tear production.


Other factors. Long-term use of contact lenses can be a factor in the development of dry eyes. Refractive eye surgeries, such as LASIK, can decrease tear production and contribute to dry eyes.

How are dry eyes diagnosed?


Dry eyes can be diagnosed through a comprehensive eye examination. Testing, with emphasis on the evaluation of the quantity and quality of tears produced by the eyes, may include:

  • Patient history to determine the patient’s symptoms and to note any general health problems, medications or environmental factors that may be contributing to the dry eye problem.
  • External examination of the eye, including lid structure and blink dynamics.
  • Evaluation of the eyelids and cornea using bright light and magnification.
  • Measurement of the quantity and quality of tears for any abnormalities. Special dyes may be put in the eyes to better observe tear flow and to highlight any changes to the outer surface of the eye caused by insufficient tears.

With the information obtained from testing, your optometrist can determine if you have dry eyes and advise you on treatment options.

Look Dry Eye Clinic


Comprehensive HistoryTear Osmolarity


Tear Film Assessment


Digital Imaging of the Meibomian Glands + Tear Film


Personalised Treatment Plan


Follow up visit, generally 2 months time

Optimal Health & Wellness 

Red Eyes Tips

Eye redness from irritated or inflamed blood vessels on the surface of the white part of the eye, commonly called bloodshot eyes.

Symptoms & treatments 

Treatment Options

Treatments for dry eyes aim to restore or maintain the normal amount of tears in the eye to minimize dryness and related discomfort and to maintain eye health

For a decade we’ve been one of Canada’s leading clinics to offer some life changing treatments. From preservative free artificial tears, including gel drops to focusing on optimizing the health of the glands with Bruder and OcuSci Compresses.

We providing medical treatments such as LipiFlow treatment, where 85% of patients showed improvement with MGD function and symptoms with a single treatment.

Make sure you watch the BlephEx Animation video on how to clean the Eyelids, we were the 1st Clinic in Canada to offer this to our patients before it became an industry norm.


It is a 12 minute cutting edge thermal pulsation treatment to help treat meibomian gland dysfunction (mgd).  Never heard of MGD? Well, it’s actually quite common. Studies have shown that up to 86% of people suffering from dry eyes also had MGD.  


Blephex is the first treatment for blepharitis.  Look Optometry is proud to be the first clinic in Canada to have this technology since 2014.  Blepharitis is the inflammation of the eyelids, usually caused by an increase of bacteria usually at the base of the eyelid where the eyelashes grow.  Blepharitis is chronic and can be very uncomfortable. 


It is a 12 minute cutting edge thermal pulsation treatment to help treat meibomian gland dysfunction (mgd).  Never heard of MGD? Well, it’s actually quite common. Studies have shown that up to 86% of people suffering from dry eyes also had MGD.  

Heat Masks 

This is an at home treatment, generally 20 seconds in the microwave and then 10 mins on the eye.  This is a daily regimen just like brushing your teeth. 

Omega 3s 

Omega 3s – Many Omega 3s do not work.  Rest assured, the products we carry are researched by our doctors.  Look Optometry only provide triglyceride formulas with an epa:dha ratio of 3:1.  We do not carry ethyl esters (which also cause fish burps).  

Restasis or xiidra (lifitegrast) Medication 

There are medications available which can reduce inflammation in the eye which lead to a decrease in signs/symptoms.  


scleral lenses 

A scleral lens is a hard lens which vaults over the cornea, with a saline solution.  This allows the cornea to stay in a wet environment all day. This is a last resort for those patients who have tried other treatments.






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