Myopia is another term for nearsightedness. It is the most common cause of impaired vision among people under the age of 40. Its prevalence has grown alarmingly in the past few years, too. This eye condition is characterized by the ability to see close objects clearly, but when it comes to seeing things that are far away, objects become blurry.
For example, people with Myopia may struggle with reading words on a projector or seeing road signs on the street. They’ll most likely experience a haze of blurriness. If this sounds familiar to you, it’s probably time to get your eyes checked!
With this eye condition, light rays are bent (refracted) in a way that causes images to focus wrongly in front of your retina instead of on it. We'll explore this further ahead.
In this blog post, we explore Myopia and offer effective solutions to your worries. This post will help provide some clarity for those struggling with this eye condition. Your local Surrey Optometrist is always here to help you.
Let’s explore the myopia symptoms. Between the ages of 8 and 12 years old, children may start exhibiting these symptoms. Take a look at some of the signs of myopia.
Myopia signs (nearsightedness) include:
- Headaches caused by eyestrain
- Blurry vision when looking at distant objects
- Needing to squint to see things clearly
- Difficulty seeing objects far away, ie. road signs or a board in a classroom
- Difficulty seeing while driving a vehicle at night (night myopia)
Like we mentioned, children may start exhibiting these symptoms as it is often detected during childhood and is usually diagnosed throughout the school years. Let’s take a look at some of the symptoms a child with myopia may have:
- Squinting often
- Unaware of distant objects
- Having to sit closer to screens or closer to the front of the room
- Excessively blinking
- Frequently rubbing the eyes
If you or someone you know experiences these symptoms, make sure to book an eye exam with us. The earlier, the better. Your local Surrey optometrist is here to help you see clearer and correct your vision properly.
The exact cause of myopia is unknown. It has been suggested that the condition is at least partially genetic. A child with myopia is more likely to develop the condition if one or both parents have it. Furthermore, excessive screen time and insufficient time outdoors seem to be contributing factors to myopia on a global scale. There is research indicating that children who play with screen devices (rather than playing outside) are most likely to develop myopia.
A myopic eye is an eye that is longer than it should be or has a steeply curved cornea. Rather than focusing directly on the surface of the retina, light rays focus on a point just in front of it. It is also possible for the cornea and/or lens to be too curved for the eyeball length causing nearsightedness. Myopia can be caused by a combination of these factors.
As mentioned, it usually begins in childhood, and the risk is greater if a parent has this eye condition. Note that during adulthood, nearsightedness can stabilize, but it can also worsen.
How can Myopia be treated? It can be corrected with the proper prescribed glasses, contact lenses or surgery.
A person with myopia will require different treatments depending on their refractive error and their individual needs.
When it comes to glasses for nearsightedness, high-index lenses (for thinner, lighter glasses) and lenses with anti-reflective coatings are good choices. Reach out to us for more in-depth information on what your myopic eyes need.
In some cases, you may have to wear your glasses or contacts all the time. It really depends on the degree of your eye condition as you may only wear them when you’re driving.
- Contact Lenses
Many people find that contact lenses offer a better experience and a wider field of vision than eyeglasses. To protect your eye health, contact lenses must be evaluated and cared for properly because they are worn directly on the eyes. Here are the types of contact lenses.
Depending on the level of your condition and needs, you might consider these surgical options.
- Photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). This procedure is similar to LASEK, except the surgeon completely removes the epithelium, then uses the laser to reshape the cornea. The epithelium is not replaced but will grow back naturally, conforming to your cornea's new shape.
- LASIK (Laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis): With this procedure, your eye surgeon makes a thin, hinged flap into your cornea. The ophthalmologist uses a laser to adjust the curves of the cornea to correct farsightedness.
Regular Eye Exams
Now that we’ve explored the meaning of myopia, the symptoms, possible causes and the effective treatments, you can be rest assured that whatever your worries are–we’re here to help!
Putting in time for your eye care is a form of self-care. At our Surrey Central Optometrist, we make sure you and your family are taken care of. Regular eye exams are a must as they are the key to prevention and treatment.
If you’re experiencing any of those symptoms listed above, you can book an appointment at Look Optometry in Surrey to get things sorted out! You can also reach out to us if you have any eye related questions–we're here to help you out.